Source code for

import json
import urllib.parse
from collections import namedtuple
from import Mapping, Sequence
from functools import lru_cache
from functools import partial
from os import path, environ

from tornado import template

from ..__version__ import __version__ as version
from ..utils import isgeneratorfunction, iscoroutinefunction, get_function_name, get_function_doc, \
    get_function_attr, STATIC_PATH

The maximum size in bytes of a http request body or a websocket message, after which the request or websocket is aborted
Set by `start_server()` or `path_deploy()`
Used in `file_upload()` as the `max_size`/`max_total_size` parameter default or to validate the parameter.

DEFAULT_CDN = "{version}/"

_global_config = {}
config_keys = ['title', 'description', 'js_file', 'js_code', 'css_style', 'css_file', 'theme', 'manifest']
AppMeta = namedtuple('App', config_keys)

_here_dir = path.dirname(path.abspath(__file__))
_index_page_tpl = template.Template(open(path.join(_here_dir, 'tpl', 'index.html'), encoding='utf8').read())

def render_page(app, protocol, cdn):
    """渲染前端页面的HTML框架, 支持SEO

    :param callable app: PyWebIO app
    :param str protocol: 'ws'/'http'
    :param bool/str cdn: Whether to use CDN, also accept string as custom CDN URL
    :return: bytes content of rendered page
    assert protocol in ('ws', 'http')
    meta = parse_app_metadata(app)
    if cdn is True:
        base_url = DEFAULT_CDN.format(version=version)
    elif not cdn:
        base_url = ''
    else:  # user custom cdn
        base_url = cdn.rstrip('/') + '/'

    manifest = manifest_tag(base_url, meta)

    theme = environ.get('PYWEBIO_THEME', meta.theme) or 'default'

    return _index_page_tpl.generate(title=meta.title or 'PyWebIO Application', description=meta.description,
                                    protocol=protocol, script=True, content='', base_url=base_url, version=version,
                                    js_file=meta.js_file or [], js_code=meta.js_code, css_style=meta.css_style,
                                    css_file=meta.css_file or [], theme=theme, manifest=manifest)

def check_theme(theme):
    """check theme file existence"""
    if not theme:

    theme_file = path.join(STATIC_PATH, 'css', 'bs-theme', theme + '.min.css')
    if not path.isfile(theme_file):
        raise RuntimeError("Can't find css file for theme `%s`" % theme)

def parse_app_metadata(func) -> AppMeta:
    """Get metadata for pywebio task function"""
    prefix = '_pywebio_'
    attrs = get_function_attr(func, [prefix + k for k in config_keys])
    meta = {k: attrs.get(prefix + k) for k in config_keys}

    # fallback to title and description from docstring
    doc = get_function_doc(func)
    parts = doc.strip().split('\n\n', 1)
    if len(parts) == 2:
        title, description = parts
        title, description = parts[0], ''
    meta['title'] = meta.get('title') or title
    meta['description'] = meta.get('description') or description

    # fallback to global config
    for key in config_keys:
        meta[key] = meta[key] or _global_config.get(key)

    return AppMeta(**meta)

_app_list_tpl = template.Template("""
<h1>Applications index</h1>
    {% for name,meta in apps_info.items() %}
        {% if other_arguments is not None %}
            <a href="?app={{name}}{{other_arguments}}">{{ meta.title or name }}</a>:
        {% else %}
            <a href="javascript:WebIO.openApp('{{ name }}', true)">{{ meta.title or name }}</a>:
        {% end %}

        {% if meta.description %}
            {{ meta.description }}
        {% else %}
            <i>No description.</i>
        {% end %}
    {% end %}

def get_static_index_content(apps, query_arguments=None):

    :param callable apps: PyWebIO apps
    :param str query_arguments: Url Query Arguments。为None时,表示使用WebIO.openApp跳转
    :return: bytes
    apps_info = {
        name: parse_app_metadata(func)
        for name, func in apps.items()

    qs = urllib.parse.parse_qs(query_arguments)
    qs.pop('app', None)
    other_arguments = urllib.parse.urlencode(qs, doseq=True)

    if other_arguments:
        other_arguments = '&' + other_arguments
        other_arguments = None
    content = _app_list_tpl.generate(apps_info=apps_info, other_arguments=other_arguments).decode('utf8')
    return content

def _generate_default_index_app(apps):
    content = get_static_index_content(apps)

    def index():
        from pywebio.output import put_html

    return index

def make_applications(applications):
    """格式化 applications 为 任务名->任务函数 的映射, 并提供默认主页

    :param applications: 接受 单一任务函数、字典、列表 类型
    :return dict: 任务名->任务函数 的映射

    if isinstance(applications, Sequence):  # 列表 类型
        applications, app_list = {}, applications
        for func in app_list:
            name = get_function_name(func)
            if name in applications:
                raise ValueError("Duplicated application name:%r" % name)
            applications[name] = func
    elif not isinstance(applications, Mapping):  # 单一任务函数 类型
        applications = {'index': applications}

    # convert dict key to str
    applications = {str(k): v for k, v in applications.items()}

    for app in applications.values():
        assert iscoroutinefunction(app) or isgeneratorfunction(app) or callable(app), \
            "Don't support application type:%s" % type(app)

    if 'index' not in applications:
        applications['index'] = _generate_default_index_app(applications)

    return applications

[docs]def seo(title, description=None, app=None): """Set the SEO information of the PyWebIO application (web page information provided when indexed by search engines) :param str title: Application title :param str description: Application description :param callable app: PyWebIO task function If ``seo()`` is not used, the `docstring <>`_ of the task function will be regarded as SEO information by default. ``seo()`` can be used in 2 ways: direct call and decorator:: @seo("title", "description") def foo(): pass def bar(): pass def hello(): \"""Application title Application description... (A empty line is used to separate the description and title) \""" start_server([ foo, hello, seo("title", "description", bar), ]) .. versionadded:: 1.1 .. deprecated:: 1.4 Use :func:`pywebio.config` instead. """ import warnings warnings.warn("`pywebio.platform.seo()` is deprecated since v1.4 and will remove in the future version, " "use `pywebio.config` instead", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2) if app is not None: return config(title=title, description=description)(app) return config(title=title, description=description)
def manifest_tag(base_url, meta: AppMeta): """Generate inline web app manifest """ if meta.manifest is False: return "" manifest_ = meta.manifest or {} if manifest_ is True: manifest_ = {} manifest = { "name": meta.title, "description": meta.description, "start_url": ".", "display": "standalone", "theme_color": "white", "background_color": "white", "icons": [ {"src": f"{base_url}image/apple-touch-icon.png", "type": "image/png", "sizes": "180x180"}, ] } manifest.update(manifest_) icon = manifest.pop("icon", None) if not icon: icon = base_url + 'image/apple-touch-icon.png' manifest_encode = urllib.parse.quote(json.dumps(manifest)) tag = f"""<link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="{icon}"> <link rel="manifest" href='data:application/manifest+json,{manifest_encode}' />""" return tag
[docs]def config(*, title=None, description=None, theme=None, js_code=None, js_file=[], css_style=None, css_file=[], manifest=True): """PyWebIO application configuration :param str title: Application title :param str description: Application description :param str theme: Application theme. Available themes are: ``dark``, ``sketchy``, ``minty``, ``yeti``. You can also use environment variable ``PYWEBIO_THEME`` to specify the theme (with high priority). :demo_host:`Theme preview demo </theme>` .. collapse:: Open Source Credits The dark theme is modified from ForEvolve's `bootstrap-dark <>`_. The sketchy, minty and yeti theme are from `bootswatch <>`_. :param str js_code: The javascript code that you want to inject to page. :param str/list js_file: The javascript files that inject to page, can be a URL in str or a list of it. :param str css_style: The CSS style that you want to inject to page. :param str/list css_file: The CSS files that inject to page, can be a URL in str or a list of it. :param bool/dict manifest: `Web application manifest <>`_ configuration. This feature allows you to add a shortcut to the home screen of your mobile device, and launch the app like a native app. If set to ``True``, the default manifest will be used. You can also specify the manifest content in dict. If ``False``, the manifest will be disabled. .. collapse:: Note for icon configuration Currently, the `icons <>`_ field of the manifest is not supported. Instead, you can use the ``icon`` field to specify the icon url. ``config()`` can be used in 2 ways: direct call and decorator. If you call ``config()`` directly, the configuration will be global. If you use ``config()`` as decorator, the configuration will only work on single PyWebIO application function. :: config(title="My application") # global configuration @config(css_style="* { color:red }") # only works on this application def app(): put_text("hello PyWebIO") .. note:: The configuration will affect all sessions ``title`` and ``description`` are used for SEO, which are provided when indexed by search engines. If no ``title`` and ``description`` set for a PyWebIO application function, the `docstring <>`_ of the function will be used as title and description by default:: def app(): \"""Application title Application description... (A empty line is used to separate the description and title) \""" pass The above code is equal to:: @config(title="Application title", description="Application description...") def app(): pass .. versionadded:: 1.4 .. versionchanged:: 1.5 add ``theme`` parameter """ if isinstance(js_file, str): js_file = [js_file] if isinstance(css_file, str): css_file = [css_file] configs = locals() class Decorator: def __init__(self): self.called = False def __call__(self, func): self.called = True try: func = partial(func) # to make a copy of the function for key, val in configs.items(): if val: setattr(func, '_pywebio_%s' % key, val) except Exception: pass return func def __del__(self): # if not called as decorator, set the config to global if self.called: return global _global_config _global_config = configs return Decorator()